Hetepsekhemwy Monuments

The first pharaoh of the 2nd Dynasty. Hotepsekhemwy reigned for over 30 years sometime roughly 2890 B.C., but modern scholars know very little about him.

Hetepsekhemwy tomb at Saqqara:

The subterraneous structure conceived to be the oldest second Dynasty royal grave at Saqqara is placed at what is now known as the Unas cemetery. Depart of its galleries are even placed underneath the Unas Pyramid and it's storming that 5th Dynasty tomb-builders didn't accidentaly bumble upon it.

Hotepsekhemwy's tomb under the pyramid of Unas in Saqqara
Seal beliefs discovered inside the bodily structure and showing the Horus names of Hotepsekhemwi and his heir Reneb can mean one of 2 things either the tomb was constructed for and used by Hotepsekhemwi and Reneb left his cachet impressions when he entombed his predecessor, and bestowed the demanded funerary offerings or it was designated for Hotepsekhemwi but is was arrogated by Reneb.

The latter of these 2 hypotheses seems to be the littlest likely, so it is generally agreed that this tomb consisted to Hotepsekhemwi.

With its north-south axis crossing a length of about 120 meters and its width of about fifty metres, it's also improbable that the tomb was made for a non-royal person: the biggest non-royal tombs of the betimes Dynastic Period or the Old Kingdom are substantially smaller. And opposed to the Archaic graves in Saqqara-North, no individual names seem to have been found in that tomb.

Tomb of Hotepsekhemwy
The enamor to the tomb is placed northerly, a feature that would be coarse to the royal graves of the Old Kingdom. From the enamor, a long 4 metre high enactment, built in an open deep covered with huge blocks of stone, comes deeper into the Saqqara rock. A few metres into this enactment, a doorway affords upon a corridor to the west. A little further down, a 2nd door gives accession to a corridor to the east. On each face of both corridors are 7 long and constrict rooms that are construed as magazines.

Barely before the cardinal corridor discontinues to deign, a large portcullis slab, built of granite, was designated to block the further passage. Afterward that, the corridor continues horizontally and was barred by 3 more portcullises. More cartridges open onto the east and the west of this corridor. After almost 35 meters, the cap of the corridor is depressed to some two meters and the corridor gets subterraneous.

To the east and Occident of the central corridor, astonish of magazines carries on to unfold, until at length, at about 110 metres from the entrance, the burial chamber was discovered ... empty.

If these tomb always had a superstructure, nothing rests of it. But it's very likely that the superstructure was absented for the building of the pyramid and dead room tomb of Unas, some five hundred years later, if they even endured that long.

King Djer Monuments

Djer was the 2nd king on the first Dynasty, as the crown still domiciled at Memphis.

King Djer Monuments:

King Djer burial place at Abydos. His tomb at abydos tomb (o) comprises 300 accessory burials, but weest of Aha; constituted of brick seventy in forty metres. Tomb conceived to apply Osiris and centering of pilgrimages.

In the Om El- Gaab part tomb considered to hold Osiris and centering of pilgrimages. Later on mistaken for the grave of Osiris. It was ascertained by "Emile Amelineau" in 1895 with a 5 year abbreviate for dig. He was a hapless archeaologist,  believably he got the abbreviate since he was friends with the conductor of the Egyptian Antiquities Service in El Qahira and ascertained the “grave of Osiris” in Om El- Gaab, an field simply affluent with artifacts. He totally cleared the grave between Jan 1 and Jan 12th, casting aside whole bundles of artifacts and continuing only accomplished objects. Most affairs were simply brushed aside if the felt up them of no value.l

He discovered a basalt statue on a bier (alike to the funerary couch of Tut) in the grave, and a skull in single chamber.  He adjudicated "quite haphazardly, based on the stiarcase" that this was athe grave of Osiris himself, and the skull was that of the deity  or in his aspect, a admittedly historical anatomy. The skull was later described as that of a charwoman,but this didn't alter Emile’s view. Amelineau was put back by Petrie in 1900, when Maspero absorbed the directorship of the Egyptian ancientnesses Service. Petrie is regoznied as among the beset archeaologists of the time and he totally re-excavated the graves.

He discovered much that Amelineau had overlookd admitting an arm still adorned with jewellery. Petrie acquired to volumes of contingents about ht domiciliation these volumes got the example for future archeaological act. It was ascertained that h grave had been mofidied to act as the tomb of Osiris – in the thirteenth dynasty by Khendjer. The stiarcase had been appended for the conveneicne of the tourers and pilgrims. The tomb is alike to others in the area, with chambers delve the base and roofed over. The chief room was believably floord with wood, but just carbonzied timber continued when dug.

A lot of accessory graves of human considerations. Later burials would put back the human forfeits with shabti figures  Some of the subsidiary tombs bordered a funerary enclosing which also consisted to the king, and may have arrested a mortuary temple, since a considerable period ended.

Monuments of Menes

His grave at abydos, three brick-lined chambers roofed with woods
Constructed temple to Nit at Sais

Menes burial lay at Abydos. His grave has 33 accessory burials arresting men between 20 and 25 years old and 7 young lions. Primitively thought 3 apart tombs, broadened over time.

Late appraises by German team associated the chambers below a exclusive roof walls one and half to two meter blockheaded. Tomb eleven in nine meter. Also there are graves to the east perhaps his officials and noblemen.
Menes in Petrie

King Menes constituted the city of Memphis, and decided as its placement an island in the River Nile, so that it aspiring easy to champion. He was also the beginner of Crocodopolis. On his time, the Egyptian army executed raids versus the Nubians to the south and added to his sphere as far as the first cataract.

His boss wife was Queen Berenib, although she wasn't the mother of his heritor, Djer, and his mother was Neithotepe. His decease is a secret, for, agreeing to legend he was aggressed by wild dogs and River Nile crocodiles in El-faiyum . Menes' tomb domiciles at Saqqara, the famous necropolis of Memphis. He became flat at the age of 63.

The Valley of the Kings, List of Egyptian Royal Tombs

Some of the commentaries here are from Baedeker's Egypt (Prentice Hall Press, no date), which gives a numeral list of all the Valley of the kings tombs.

Tomb KV 1 Pharaoh Ramesses VII
Tomb KV 2 Pharaoh Ramesses IV, surviving papyrus plan
Tomb KV 3 a son of Pharaoh Ramesses III
Tomb KV 4 Pharaoh Ramesses XI
Tomb KV 5 sons of Pharaoh Ramesses II (reëxamined, 1989)
Tomb KV 6 Pharaoh Ramesses IX
Tomb KV 7 Pharaoh Ramesses II
Tomb KV 8 Pharaoh Merenptah
Tomb KV 9 Pharaoh Ramesses V & VI; tomb of Memnon to Greek travelers
Tomb KV 10 Amenmesse(s)
Tomb KV 11 Pharaoh Ramesses III, started by Setnakht
Tomb KV 12 anonymous royal family tomb crossover Pharaoh Ramesses VI
Tomb KV 13 Bay (chancellor to Siptah and Twosret)
Tomb KV 14 Twosret (and Seti II?), Absorbed by Setnakht
Tomb KV 15 Pharaoh Seti II
Tomb KV 16 Pharaoh Ramesses I, 1817
Tomb KV 17 Pharaoh Seti I, 1817
Tomb KV 18 Pharaoh Ramesses X
Tomb KV 19 Pharaoh Ramesses Montuhirkopeshef (King Ramesses VIII?), 1817
Tomb KV 20 Pharaoh Thutmose I and queen Hatshepsut, the 1st tomb in the Valley, 1799
Tomb KV 21 XVIII Dynasty queens, 1817
Tomb WV 22 Pharaoh Amenhotep III in Western Valley, 1799
Tomb WV 23 Aye (primitively Tutankhamon) in Western Valley, 1816
Tomb WV 24 anonymous in Western Valley
Tomb WV 25 maybe Akhenaton's archetype tomb in Western Valley, 1817
Tomb KV 26 1898
Tomb KV 27 XVIII Dynasty family tomb, 1898
Tomb KV 28 in 1898
Tomb KV 29 in 1899
Tomb KV 30 XVIII Dynasty family tomb, 1817
Tomb KV 31 in 1817
Tomb KV 32 in 1898
Tomb KV 33 in 1898
Tomb KV 34 Pharaoh Thutmose III, 1898
Tomb KV 35 Pharaoh Amenhotep II, 1898
Tomb KV 36 Mahirpra, 1899
Tomb KV 37 anonymous tomb, 1899
Tomb KV 38 Pharaoh Thutmose I (resettled by Pharaoh Thutmose III from KV 20), 1899
Tomb KV 39 maybe tomb of Pharaoh Amenhotep I, 1899
Tomb KV 40 anonymous tomb, 1899
Tomb KV 41 anonymous tomb, in 1899
Tomb KV 42 Hatshepsut-Merytre (wife of King Thutmose III), 1900
Tomb KV 43 Pharaoh Thutmose IV, in 1903
Tomb KV 44 XVIII Dynasty, but arresting Tentkaru of XXII Dynasty, in 1901
Tomb KV 45 Userhet (XVIII Dynasty), 1902
Tomb KV 46 Yuya and Tuya, raises of Queen Tiye, 1905
Tomb KV 47 Siptah, in 1905
Tomb KV 48 Vizir Amenemopet (XVIII Dynasty), in 1906
Tomb KV 49 XVIII Dynasty, in 1906
Tomb KV 50-52 anmial burials, in 1906
Tomb KV 53 in 1905/1906
Tomb KV 54 Pharaoh Tutankhamen cache, 1907
Tomb KV 55 Amarna cache (Pharaoh Akhenaton?/Tiye?), around 1907
Tomb KV 56 "Gold Tomb," jewelry cache from rule of king Seti II and Twosret, 1908
Tomb KV 57 Pharaoh Haremhab, 1908
Tomb KV 58 in 1909
Tomb KV 59 "tomb commencement" pit
Tomb KV 60 Sitre-in & Hatshepsut?, 1903
Tomb KV 61 in 1910
Tomb KV 62 Pharaoh Tutankhamon (originally Aye), in 1922


On the canopic chest, the theme of 4s in Egyptian believed and ritual is the most prominently manifest. While the embalmed heart was brought back to the chest of the at rest, the liver, lungs, stomach, and bowels were individually packaged, coffined, and hived away. Each of these was then below the aegis of one of the Sons of Horus, Imset (or Amset) for the bouncier, Hapi for the lungs, Duamutef for the stomach, and Kebekhsenuf for the bowels. Stone canopic chests commonly have four chambers for the 4 coffins, concluded with 4 stoppers, which themselves are either in the anatomy of 4 human or of one human and 3 animal heads. With King Tutankhamon we are golden to have the further gear of the gilt shrine and maul for the canopic chest, and the 4 guardian goddesses who follow the whole, each described by a symbolic gimmick on her head: Isis following the liver from the southwesterly, her sister Nephthys following the lungs from the northwest, Neith, the ancient goddess of Sais, watching over the stomach from the southeast, and finally Serket, a scorpion goddess, watching over the bowels from the northeast. The anatomies of these goddesses are masterpieces of art, now usable in endless breedings.

Recent Articles:

KV3, The tomb of son of Ramesses III
KV 5, The tomb of sons of Ramesses II
KV6, The Tomb Ramesses IX

KV5, The tomb of sons of Ramesses II

In 1987, the Theban Mapping Project resettled a tomb close the entrance of the Valley of the Kings that had been “baffled” for closely a century. Called KV5, it was the fifth tomb in the south of the valley’s entrance to be numerated by John Gardner Wilkinson in his 1827 appraise of the royal tombs. The tomb was first referred in modern world in 1825 by the Englishman James Burton. Burton dug a constrict channel by the densely packed detritus that filled the tomb (debris dampened in during accented rains to which the valley is at times subjected) and brought off to crawl around 25 meters (eighty feet) on the far side its entrance.

But in the 8 chambers into which he was capable to slither, he saw no medallion or objects, and adjudicated that KV5 was uninteresting, merely a debris-packed-hole in the ground. A century afterward, Howard Carter also adjudicated the tomb was of no appraise and dumped detritus from his nearby diggings atop its becharm.

But briefly afterward it relocated KV 5 and began to clean the detritus from its 1st chamber, the Theban Mapping Project ascertained that the tomb was adorned with significant scenes and texts that broke it had been the burial lay of a lot of sons of Rameses II. During the next many years, diggings found decoration on every wall and pillar they cleared. In February 1995, while apprehending along the back surround of chamber 3, a huge sixteen-pillared hall, the Theban Mapping Project exposed a doorway that led into a series of long corridors. Extending deep into the hillside, more fifty side chambers reached their left and right. KV 5 suddenly had become the largest tomb ever ascertained in the Valley of the Kings and one of the biggest in all Egypt. It was a tomb alone in plan and in its operate as a mausoleum for a lot of members of the royal family.

Clearing has bore on, and by 2004 the Theban Mapping Project had discovered over 130 corridors and chambers in KV5, and many more are certain to be exposed in the future. The hugely complicated plan of the tomb reveals features that were dug on many different charges, in many dissimilar directions, providing multiple burial suites for at the least six sons of Rameses II. 100s of thousands of potsherds, thousands of broken aims, animal bones, and human persists have been found in the detritus. Some were dampened into the tomb, some were ascertained in place. On the walls are the calls and titles of Rameses II and his sons; aspects of the king acquainting sons to deities in the netherworld; and copies of religious writing* such as the Book of the Dead’s Negative Confession. The debris backing up KV 5 is so densely bundled and the process of ascertaining structural constancy so time consuming, that by 2003 only two dozen of the tomb’s a lot of chambers had been absolved. It will take many years of work earlier KV5 can be afforded to the public.

Recent Posts:

KV32 (The Tomb of Tia'a)
KV43, The tomb of Tuthmosis IV
KV3, The tomb of son of Ramesses III

KV43, The tomb of Tuthmosis IV

Howard Carter brought in the first modern becharm into the tomb of pharaoh Tuthmosis IV "KV43" on January 18th, 1903. This wasn't an accidental discovery by Howard Carter, for he had been anticipating this specific tomb. On Feb 3rd, it was formally open. Similar with all the tombs of the valley of the kings, it had been despoiled on antiquity, but there were alley some amount of details left.

The tomb is of form one style, the earliest tomb in the valley of the kings, with its L-shaped construction. It accompanies the general style of KV35 of king Amenhotep II in design, size and complexness, also as its placement below a storm-fed waterfall. Of the entrance we ascertain a stairway ahead to the first corridor, another stairway ahead to a 2d stairway, which successively leads directly to the rite shaft. At the bottom of the rite shaft is additional exclusive chamber. The rite shaft opens forthwith into a 2 pillared hall. Of the 2 pillared hall, the tomb acquires a 90 degree left disdain additional set of stairs to a 3rd corridor, which leads to a final stairway and so an antechamber. The antechamber acquires another ninety degree turn into the burial chamber, which has 6 pillars and 4 annexes, 2 on either side. Between the last 2 pillars of this chamber is a belittled stairway that conduces to the crypt.

This tomb dissents from KV35 in many abides by, including the crypt area, the alignment of the storage rooms. Importantly, we find the first occurrences of the magical niches built up into the walls which are to be discovered in all succeeding tombs till the time of Ramesses II.

Interestingly, although the tomb was cautiously cut, the decorative plan of the tomb is almost missing. Only the ritual shaft and the antechamber are particolored, and these decorations seem to be in haste done. Both areas have cap with yellow stars on a blue-black background, and khekher-friezes appear at the top of the decorated surrounds, which are painted a golden yellow. Also, in both of these locations, the king appears before assorted deities, and in each position these scenes are almost incisively as is, with the only material conflict being the clothing of the divinities.

The Hieratic text discovered on the south surround of the antechamber was not produced by Tuthmosis, but rather by Horemheb. It mentions to the robbery on antiquity of this tomb, and Horemheb's attempts to restore the damage made necessity by the illicit debut. Therefore, Tuthmosis IV's mummy wasn't found in this tomb but would afterward be attained to be one of those discovered in the tomb of Amenophis II.

Although Tothmosis IV's mummy wasn't found in his tomb, there were three accessory burials discovered, presumably issues of the king. Almost all of the funerary equipment that was discovered was fragmentary, but belonged of the following:

* From foundation depositions:

- Implements. - Pebbles and plaques. - Model vessels.

Previous posts:

Kamose (1573–1570)
Ahhotep I (1560- 1530 BCE)
The Second Intermediate Period (1782–1570)
Ahmose I (1570–1546 BC)
The Thirteenth Dynasty
Pharaohs Dynasties or Egyptian Dynasties
The Fourteenth Dynasty
The Sixth Dynasty (feudalism age)

KV55 (the tomb of Akhenaten)

This tomb (KV55) is a tomb in the Valley of the kings in Upper Egypt. In 1907 the tomb was discovered by Edward R. Ayrton while he was working in the Valley of the kings for Theodore M. Davis. It's long been chewed over, as well as much-disputed, that the body ascertained in this tomb was that of the famed "heretic pharaoh, Akhenaten". The ensues of genetic and other scientific essays published in February 2010 have affirmed that the individual entombed there was both the son of king Amenhotep III (also as the father of king Tutankhamun), and likewise that his age at the time of his decease was in fact logical with that of Akhenaten's; it's therefore about certain that it's so Akhenaten's dead body.

Both the tomb's history and the designation of its single resident have been debatable. It is accepted to be a royal cache and reburying dating from the late 18th dynasty, prepared after the abandonment of Amarna and the dismantling of the royal necropolis there. The mummy found in the tomb has been described by DNA examining as the biological father of Tutankhamun, affirmed by inscription certify to be Akhenaten. On the base of the convalesced artifacts, it's also indicated that the burial once arrested more than a single resident, either entombed on one occasion or over a period of time. Queen Tiye is most frequently named in this circumstance.

It's as well clear that the tomb was re-entered at a later time, almost for certain during the 20th dynasty. At this time, any extra, hypothetical occupiers of the tomb would have been absented and maybe relocated to KV35, while the continuing mummy and some of the other artifacts were desecrated and desolated.

The tomb is frequently referred to as the Amarna hoard, given the amalgamated nature of its contents.

Some contents of the tomb:

- A gold pectoral.
- Canopic jars from kv55.
- An inlay from which a cartouche has been abstracted, most believably the name of king Akhenaten.
- Gold foil accounted to have the cartouche of "Smenkhkare".

Previous Posts:

Leopared Head in Tutankhamun tomb.
Howard Carter.
Tutankhamun tomb (KV62).

KV15 (The Tomb of Seti II)

KV15 (The Tomb of Seti II), placed in the East Valley, was the burial lay of the nineteenth dynasty pharaoh Seti II and was first researched by Howard Carter in 1902 and 1903. The tomb has been assailable since antiquity, over 60 Greek and other graffiti discovered on the walls of the tomb attest that it rested open end-to-end the later Graeco-Roman era.

KV15 - Entrance:

The entrance of KV15 is cut straight into the vertical cliff side at the head of a branch wadi.

From the brusk entrance 3 long corridors lead to the Hall of awaiting, which is minus its good shaft. The Hall of awaiting opens onto the 4 pillared Chariot Hall which has a central ancestry ahead directly to the burial chamber, which was adjusted from an bare corridor.

The decoration of the tomb seems to have been accomplished in a rush, probably ascribable the kings death. The 1st corridor and the Chariot Hall are decorated in dipped and raised alleviation, but the decoration in the remainder of the tomb is knocked off paint lonely; in the second and 3rd corridors, only overture sketches were painted on a greyish brown plaster aerofoil.

Across the entrance to the 1st corridor is a sun disk with a scarabaeus and a ram headed god, bordered by the kneeling anatomies of the goddesses Isis and Nephthys. Ciphered on the jambs of the threshold are the names of Seti II with an image of Ma'at, also shown kneel. On the left wall of the first corridor are images of Seti II making offers to Re-Horakhty and Nefertem while the right wall appearances scenes of Sokar and Seti II bringing in offerings to Re-Horakhty. The remnant of the corridor shows aspects from the Litany of Re, while the ceiling is painted with flew vultures (below right).

The 2d corridor, whose decoration belongs of overture sketches, exposes further scenes of Seti II on dieties and sections from the Litany of Re. Additionally there are scenes from the Amduat which continue in the 3rd corridor. The Hall of awaiting isn't decorated with the usual scenes of the king with dieties, but instead the intact chamber bears agencies of funerary objects, including figurines of gods and pharaohs.

The Chariot Hall is adorned with scenes of the Book of Gates. On the back wall is a double aspect of King Seti II offering an picture of Ma'at and 2 vases to Osiris. The belittled burial chamber is adorned with the Book of Gates and additional scenes of the king on dieties.

Fragmentises of his red granite sarcophagus chapeau were present inside this tomb, merely no trace of the existent box was ever discovered. These fragments have been bushelled and reassembled to give an depression of the original show of the sarcophagus. The top of the lid is lacking, along with the face of the king. Even so, the head of the goddess Nut is today in the Egyptian accumulation in Paris at the Louvre museum.

The story of KV15 isn't known in full. There is definite attest of the erasure of Seti II's names accompanied by their recarving, and these cuts may have occurred either during the encroachment of Amenmesses (most expected) or on the reign of Siptah and after restored by Twosert.

It's conceivable that the body of the king was at first interred in KV14 with his married woman, Twosert, then reburied by Setnakhte in the deserted KV15, which was then quickly completed. Whether this was so, or the king was at first buried in his own bare tomb, the body was later absented and localized in a coffin in the KV35 lay away.

Recent Posts:

- KV4 (Tomb of Ramesses XI)
- KV9 (Tomb of Ramesses V and Ramesses VI)
- KV10 (The tomb of Amenmesse)
- KV20 (The Tomb of Tuthmosis I and Hatshepsut)

KV32 (The Tomb of Tia'a)


Tia'a was the wife of King Amenhotep II and mother of King Thutmose IV. kV32 or the Tomb of Tia'a was constructed on the base of a sheer drop, got at by a stairs and consists of corridors and chambers. The tomb was bare and never decorated.

Victor Loret (1859 - 1946) the French archaeologist was the chief of the Egyptian Antiquities Service. Loret started working on the royal and individual tombs in the Valley of the Kings about 1881. He as well discovered the tombs of pharaoh Thutmosis III and pharaoh Amenhotep II.

The Valley of the Kings is a burial site. The burial site or A necropolis is defined as a big cemetery or burial lay near the locate of a centre of an ancient civilization. The Valley of the Kings wherever the The Tomb of Tia'a was discovered, is located close the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes <>. On that point about 63 tombs which have been ascertained in the Valley of the Kings consisting to the Pharaohs and chairing dignitaries. A lot of the tombs were attained by the Egyptian tomb robbers of antiquity but on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries renewed concern in Egyptology led European Egyptologists, such Victor Loret, to make additional excavations in the Valley of the Kings, desiring to find unexplored tombs, accomplished with fab treasures.

KV32 plan

The entrance to KV32

Each part on the subject of Egyptian Tombs accosts all issues and provides concerning facts and information about the Golden long time of Pharaohs and of Egypt. The Sitemap supplies full details of totally of the information and facts supplied about the absorbing subject of the The Tomb of Tia'a ascertained by Victor Loret.

Recent Posts:

- KV20 (The Tomb of Tuthmosis I and Hatshepsut)
- KV15 (The Tomb of Seti II)
- KV16 (The Tomb of Ramesses I)
- KV18 (The Tomb of Ramesses X)

KV18 (The Tomb of Ramesses X)

KV18 (The Tomb of Ramesses X) placed in the East Valley, was the burial lay of the 20th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses X. The tomb has been afford in part since antiquity. Howard Carter dug up an area close to the entrance in 1902, but brief is known of the tomb as a lot of it even remains uncleared.

The tomb entrance:

KV18 entrance was unfinished and very fiddling decoration remains. Just the first 2 corridors have as yet been cleared. At the entrance there was a parted stairs, while only some steps remain. Hither, on the breaks and thickness of the doorpost are the remains of the pharaoh's name. The first corridor, which was in full cut and decorated chairs into a 2nd corridor. There's a decrease into this second corridor, that was never totally cut. There remains existent rough steps ahead up to the deserted workface. The ceiling here has broke down, but a couple of big rectangular adjourn were butt in each wall close the ceiling.

KV18 Plan

The entrance to KV18

Fiddling decoration stays in the tomb. Due to water flooding, the Ramessid entrance motive absorbed by Champollion's artist Karl Richard Lepsius is baffled to us; only a assign of the left hand face of the design remains obvious.

Primitively the scene described the king, collectively with Isis and Nephthys, kneeling on either face of the sun disc with scarab and ram-headed deity.

Recent Posts:

- KV10 (The tomb of Amenmesse)
- KV20 (The Tomb of Tuthmosis I and Hatshepsut)
- KV15 (The Tomb of Seti II)
- KV16 (The Tomb of Ramesses I)

KV16 (The Tomb of Ramesses I)

KV16 (The Tomb of Ramesses I), placed in the East Valley, was the burial localize of the founder of the nineteenth dynasty, pharaoh Ramesses I. It was first researched by Giovanni Belzoni in 1817. The tomb entrance was blotted out sometime on the twenty-first dynasty, because the absence of any Greek or Latin graffiti certifies.

KV16 - The Burial chamber of Pharaoh Ramesses I flanked by figures acting Nekhen and PeTomb KV16 is among the smallest royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings, its building being break short by the death of the older king.

KV16 Plan

KV16 (The Entrance)

Of the stepped entrance, a exclusive, short corridor leads to a 2nd stairway. This second staircase opens at once onto the burial chamber, which has two face chambers and a niche in the back wall. In the center of the burial chamber is the kings big, red granite sarcophagus. Alike the rest of the tomb, the sarcophagus is bare, its decoration hastily painted on, instead of being carved. The sarcophagus has affirmed damage to its eyelid and the upper abut of the box, maybe caused when the tomb was robbed once on the twentieth dynasty.

The medallion of the tomb, though painted, bears a accented resemblance to the style determined in the tomb of Horemheb (KV57). Presumptively many of the artists acted in both tombs. The scenes are related the Book of Gates, and totally have blue backgrounds. Higher up the Osiris niche in the back wall, there is a delineation of Ramesses I in a ceremony of exultation, flanked by the falcon-headed "soul of Pe" and the jackal-headed "soul of Nekhen", the traditional areas of upper Egypt.

With the rear wall Ramesses I is chaired into the bearing of Osiris by Horus. The burial chamber and left face chamber are the lone rooms in the tomb that are adorned.

The mummy was finally hived up in DB320 in the 10th regnal year of Saamen after antecedently being covered in KV17 (The tomb of Seti I aka Belzoni's tomb).

The rock in the tomb is broke and has suffered flood harm. Rain water acceded the tomb by joints and faults in the aerofoil limestone. The Supreme Council of ancientnesses or Antiquities has installed ceiling abides in the burial chamber approximately the sarcophagus to forbid further harm.

Recent Posts:

- KV17, The Tomb Of Seti I
- KV57, The Tomb Of Horemheb
- KV4 (Tomb of Ramesses XI)
- KV15 (The Tomb of Seti II)