Pharaoh Neferkauhor


The name of pharaoh Qakare means, "Strong is the Soul of Re" (in picture left) and his birth name was she shorter Ibi (picture right). His name is present in king lists from Abydos and Turin. He built a small pyramid located at South Sakkara. It was investigated in the 1800s by German Egyptologist Lepsius who found it to be a true pyramid though it looked more like a mastaba in its ruined state. The identification of the builder has been made through reading hieroglyphic writings on the walls in the grave chamber, the latest so-called "pyramid texts" known. Today they are protected by constructions made of concrete within the monument, that is just a three metre high pile of rubble. 

The pyramid of kingIbi is of a modest size compared to the monuments from the pyramid era.
An entrance from the north side leads to the (red) burial chamber and the serdab - side chamber, (green).
A small mortuary temple was built
at the east side. 

The whole complex was not oriented in the cardinal directions (see picture above) and the mortuary temple was built of bricks and hardly more elaborated than a chapel. No causeway has been detected leading from it and there possibly never was one and the same goes for a valley temple.
The measures of the pyramid are roughly estimated but the sides are likely to have been 31,5 meters and the height of the building about 21 meters.

Pyramid of King Ibi I


Acorrding to Piccione King Ibi I Dates: 2222—2220

Pyramid of King Ibi I is the badly ruined pyramid of the 8th Dynasty king Ibi is the last pyramid and royal funerary monument to have been built at Saqqara. It was constructed on a low knoll near the causeway of the pyramid of Pepi II in Saqqara-South. Its dimensions are similar to those of the pyramids of Pepi II's queen's: a base length of 31.5 meters and an estimated height of 21 meters.
The core of the pyramid was made of small stones. Only piles of mud and limestone chips remain and it would seem that the builders never got around to set the casing for this monument. Its internal structure is an extremely simplified version of the standard Old Kingdom royal pyramids: it has a descending passage and a burial chamber. A huge granite block in the west of the burial chamber held the sarcophagus. The burial chamber was inscribed with Pyramid Texts.
To the east of the pyramid, a small mud brick chapel was built. Contrary to the mortuary temples of the Old Kingdom pyramid complexes, Ibi's chapel was not entered from the east but from the north. The ground-plan of this chapel is also completely different from the monumental mortuary temples. From the entrance, a kind of antechamber gave indirect access to an offering hall, that may have contained a stella or a false door. Most of the other rooms appear to have been magazines.
The end of the Old Kingdom after the reign of Pepy II, seems to have happened suddenly, though Egyptologists are still puzzled by the reason for this. Pepy's son Nemtyemsaf II had a brief reign, which was followed by a series of rulers whose precise order is still unclear. A legendary queen named Nitocris, the second female pharaoh of Egypt, is mentioned by Herodotus as being the last ruler of Dynasty VI, though there is no real evidence of her reign.
The only ruler we know from Dynasty VIII who attempted to build a pyramid was a king named Ibi (Hakare), whose reign lasted only about two years. The remains of his monument lie near to the causeway of Pepy II's complex at South Saqqara. Today the pyramid stands only 3m above the desert after being robbed for stone in antiquity. When it was constructed the dimensions and plan were similar to those of Pepy's queens' pyramids.
The pyramid's core was constructed of small limestone blocks in the form of a girdle around the inner chambers. Among the debris of limestone chips and clay, Jequier discovered a number of inscriptions in red paint containing the title of 'Prince of Libya', for which Egyptologists seem to have no explanation.
The pyramid's orientation differs from earlier structures and here the subterranean chambers are entered from the wall which faces north-west. A descending passage leads to the burial chamber. The walls of both passage and burial chamber were originally inscribed with Pyramid Texts - the most recent version to be found in a royal pyramid and which have helped to identify this almost unknown pharaoh. Ibi's sarcophagus was placed on a huge granite block against the western wall of the burial chamber. The roof of the chamber has now been replaced with modern concrete.
On the eastern (or north-eastern) wall of the pyramid was a small simple mud brick mortuary chapel with an offering hall which contained a rectangular basin for libations in the floor. Magazines and store-rooms opened off a central courtyard.